Scientific name: Bixa orellana
Origin: Mexico and Tropical America
Medicinal use: The surface of its seed has a resinous and oily coating that contains a pigment, known as annatto, formed mainly by bixin and other apocarotenoids. This pigment is used as an aphrodisiac and food coloring. It is frequently used in the coloring of cheddar or American type or Mimolette, margarine, butter, rice, smoked fish and sometimes as a kitchen condiment.
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