Scientific name: Ocimum basilicum
Origin: S Asia and NE Africa
Medicinal use: In Laos, lemon basil is widely used in curries, stews, and fried dishes as it is the most commonly used type of basil in Laos. Many of the stews of Lao cuisine require the use of lemon basil. It is often eaten raw in salads or lalap (raw vegetables) and accompanied by sambal. Lemon basil is often used to flavor certain Indonesian dishes, such as curries, soups, stews, or steamed or grilled dishes.